Ultrasound/Sonogram Preparation and Exams

Prostate Ultrasound / Biopsy

To image the prostate gland, a small ultrasound probe is placed in the rectum. The exam lasts approximately 30 minutes to one hour. Tissue samples can also be obtained through this probe if a biopsy is needed. Unless otherwise indicated, please follow the instructions below. This will prepare you for both the prostate ultrasound and also the biopsy in the event that the radiologist performing the study determines that biopsy is necessary.

In advance of the procedure you will need to purchase a Fleet enema and you will need a prescription from your physician for an antibiotic (6 Cipro tablets, 500 mg.). This is to prevent infection in the event that a biopsy is performed.

On the day before the examination:

  • Take one Cipro tablet at 8:00 a.m. and one at 8:00 p.m.

On the day of the examination:

  • Take one Cipro tablet at 8:00 a.m. and if biopsy was performed, also at 8:00 p.m. Administer Fleet enema according to the instructions, two hours before the exam.
  • Drink 24 ounces of water 1 hour prior to the appointment.  Do not empty bladder.
  • Since a biopsy may be performed and is considered to be a minor surgical procedure, you will need to bring someone with you to drive you home. We cannot release patients who are driving themselves.

If biopsy was performed:

  • Follow all other instructions given to you after the biopsy.
  • Take one Cipro tablet at 8:00 p.m. the evening of the biopsy. Take another Cipro tablet at 8:00 a.m. and one at 8:00 p.m. on the day following the biopsy.

IMPORTANT NOTE: If you are on blood thinning medications, aspirin therapy, or have any bleeding disorders, please notify us at the time of scheduling. Special arrangements will need to be made.

 


Abdominal Sonogram

Sonography is the use of "sound waves" to record images to the abdomen. This examination lasts approximately 30 minutes.

On the day before the examination:

  • Do not eat or drink anything, chew gum or smoke after midnight.

On the day of the examination:

  • Generally you are not allowed anything by mouth until your exam is completed.
  • Essential medications are allowed with a small amount of water.   Feel free to bring any medication with you to take immediately after the exam.
  • Do not eat or drink anything, chew gum or smoke until after your examination is completed.

 


Renal Sonogram

Sonography is the use of "sound waves" to record images of the kidneys.

On the day of the examination:

  • Finish drinking 24 ounces of water one hour before your appointment time to allow time for your bladder to fill.
  • Do not empty your bladder after drinking the water until the examination is completed.

 


Retroperitoneal Sonogram

Sonography is the use of "sound waves" to record images of the kidneys, ureters and urinary bladder.

On the day of the examination:

  • Finish drinking 24 ounces of water one hour before your appointment time.
  • Do not empty your bladder after drinking the water until the examination is completed.

 


Pelvic Sonogram

Sonography is the use of "sound waves" to record images of the bladder, uterus, and ovaries. This examination of the pelvic anatomy lasts approximately 30 minutes.

On the day of the examination:

  • Finish drinking 32 ounces of water one hour before your appointment to allow your bladder time to fill.
  • Do not empty your bladder after drinking the water until the examination is completed, or you may need to reschedule.
  • Your bladder must be full in order to do the examination. You will be able to empty your bladder when the examination is completed.

 


Obstetrical Sonogram

Sonography is the use of "sound waves" to record images of the bladder, uterus, and ovaries. This examination lasts approximately 30-60 minutes.

On the day of the examination for patients up to 22 weeks pregnant:

  • For patients less than 14 weeks pregnant, start drinking 32 ounce glasses of water 1½-2 hours before your appointment time. Finish drinking the 32 ounces of water one hour before your appointment to allow your bladder time to fill.
  • Patients 14 - 22 weeks pregnant should finish drinking only 16 ounces of water one hour before your appointment.
  • Do not empty your bladder after drinking the water until the examination is completed, or you may need to reschedule.
  • Your bladder must be full in order to do the examination. You will be able to empty your bladder when the examination is completed.

On the day of the examination for patients more than 22 weeks pregnant:

  • No preparation is required for patients more than 22 weeks pregnant.
  • You do not need to have a full bladder at this stage of pregnancy.

Multiple Births- Please inform the scheduling department if you are aware that you are carrying twins, triplets, etc. as the examination time will be longer.

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